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Information For Ailments Beginning G & H


Logo for National Kidney FederationGlomerulonephritis is a condition that affects the kidneys. It happens when tiny structures inside the kidney, called glomeruli, become diseased. This can be caused by several ailments, but it is often caused by the immune system (the body's natural deference against infection and illness). Glomerulonephritis may not cause any symptoms and is often diagnosed when blood or urine tests are carried out for another reason.
The National Kidney Federation also supports the related needs of those relatives and friends who care for kidney patients.


logo for Guillain-Barré syndromeGuillain-Barré syndrome a serious ailment of the peripheral nervous system. It occurs when the body's immune system attacks part of the nervous system. not being able to walk unaided , needing a wheelchair loss of sensation, lack of co-ordination, loss of balance, muscle weakness in your arms or legs, problems with your sense of touch known as dysaesthesia


Logo for HemianopiaHemianopia also known as Hemianopsia is loss of vision in either the right or left sides of both eyes; a common side effect of stroke or brain injury. This vision loss causes serious problems with mobility, bumping into objects, increased incidence of falls and accidents and reading problems.


Logo for The Haemophilia SocietyHaemophilia The Haemophilia Society is the only national and independent organisation for all people affected by bleeding disorders, during, or after birth.
Six Vibe is a web site for young people who have Haemophilia
with Haemophilia there are not as many clotting factors in the blood as there should be. Therefore, someone with the ailment will bleed for a longer time than usual. Haemophilia is often associated with external bleeding. However, a more common symptom is internal bleeding. This usually occurs around the joints and muscles. Internal bleeding can cause symptoms of pain and stiffness and, over time, it can damage the joints


Logos for all Hepatitis A, B, C, supportHepatitis A, B, C, Hepatitis A is not very common in the UK. It is more common in countries where sanitation and sewage disposal are poor, particularly countries in Africa, northern and southern Asia, central America and southern and eastern Europe. Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended if you are travelling to countries in these areas. Hepatitis A can occur at any age but mostly affects children and young adults.
Hepatitis B is uncommon in the UK and cases are largely confined to certain groups such as drug users, men who have sex with men and certain ethnic communities (South Asian, African and Chinese). In contrast, hepatitis B is common in other parts of the world, particularly China, Central and South East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The World Health Organization estimates that hepatitis B is responsible for 600,000 deaths a year worldwide.
Hepatitis C is an infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus. It can cause inflammation (swelling) and fibrosis (scarring) of the liver tissue, and sometimes significant liver damage. Many people do not realise they have been infected with the virus because they may not have any symptoms, or they may have flu-like symptoms that can easily be mistaken for another illness. You can become infected with hepatitis C if you come into contact with the blood or, less commonly, body fluids of an infected person.
hepatitis organisation provides information and support about hepatitis and support for people with hepatitis.
Support is also available at Health Protection Agency for Hepatitis A, at the Hepatitis B foundation and also at Hepatitis C Trust.


Logo for NHS lothianHip Replacement is a surgical procedure to replace your hip joint with an artificial version. It provides a long-term solution for worn or damaged hip joints caused by injury or disease, such as osteoarthritis, which can cause severe pain and loss of mobility. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint. The operation replaces both the natural socket and the rounded ball at the top of the thigh bone with artificial parts
Hip Replacement web site provides as a service to its visitors and is for information purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice.


Logo for Terrence Higgins TrustHIV or AIDS is a virus most commonly caught by having unprotected sex or by sharing infected needles to inject drugs.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. The virus weakens your ability to fight infections and disease, such as cancer. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, when your body can no longer fight life-threatening infections. There is no cure for HIV, but there are treatments to enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life.
HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person, which includes semen and vaginal fluids, blood, inside the anus and breast milk. However, it is not spread easily compared to other viruses, like colds or flu.
The most common ways of getting HIV in the UK are:

  • unprotected sex, including vaginal, oral and anal sex
  • using a contaminated needle or syringe to inject drugs
  • from mother to baby, before or during birth, or by breastfeeding

The virus enters the bloodstream, often through cuts and sores, and attacks the immune system, which protects the body against infection.
Avert is an international HIV and AIDS charity based in the UK, working to AVERT HIV and AIDS worldwide.
Terrence Higgins Trust was one of the first charities to be set up in response to the HIV epidemic and has been at the forefront of the fight against HIV, and improving the nation's sexual health, ever since.


Logo for Huntington's diseaseHuntington's disease is often called HD, is an hereditary disorder of the central nervous system.
Huntington's disease is an inherited disease of the brain. There is no cure, but much can be done to help families.Both men and women with a family history of Huntington's can inherit the disease. Symptoms usually start to show during adulthood.
The disease damages some of the nerve cells in the brain, causing deterioration and gradual loss of function of areas of the brain. This affects movement, cognition (perception, awareness, thinking, judgment) and behaviour.
Early symptoms, such as personality changes, mood swings and unusual behaviour, are often overlooked at first and attributed to something else.
Huntington's disease was originally called Huntington's chorea, after the Greek word for dancing. This is because the associated involuntary movements of the ailment can look like jerky dancing.


logo forHydrocephalusHydrocephalus is a build-up of fluid on the brain. The excess fluid puts pressure on the brain, which can damage it. The damage to the brain can result in a wide range of symptoms, including: headache being sick blurred vision difficulty walking


Logo for Hyperhidrosis ukHyperhidrosis as with all human ailments, there is a wide range of "normal" with some people hardly sweating at all, whilst others sweat to a much larger extent. Most normal or heavy sweating can be controlled with shop bought anti-perspirants or aluminium chloride.
When the amount of sweating is excessive and cannot be controlled by these measures it is termed "hyperhidrosis". Although some people have hyperhidrosis as a consequence of another illness, in many others it is merely due to overactive sweat glands or over-activity of the sympathetic nervous system.


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